25 Ways to Save Water.
One Source to Make It Happen.

While conservation of water is now everyone's responsibility, Rain Bird has been committed to the Intelligent Use of Water™ for more than 80 years. Whether you're working to meet a mandate such as California's 25% reduction, or simply lower your monthly bill, we offer the education and water-efficient products you need to make better use of our most precious resource.

Improve Your Existing System

1

Conduct a System Inspection.

Evaluate your system and yard for potential issues to make sure your automatic sprinkler system is ready for another season. Just a few simple steps will go a long way towards saving water and preventing costly fines.

2

Review Your Water Bill.

Always look at your water bills. If you have a spike, you may have a leak. Leaky sprinkler systems waste millions of gallons each year. The EPA estimates that a leak about the thickness of a dime can cause water waste of 6,300 gallons per month! Fixing leaks can make a big difference in your water usage and your bill.

3

Schedule a Professional Audit.

Contact a local Certified Landscape Irrigation Auditor (CLIA) contractor to evaluate your system.

4

Conduct Monthly System Checkups.

Keep your sprinkler system in top shape all season long by checking for breaks, leaks and damage at least once a month.

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Water Only At The Right Times

5

Water in the Morning.

Water between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m.—when the sun is low, winds are calm and temperatures are cool. Midday watering tends to be less efficient because of water loss due to evaporation and windy conditions. Watering in the evening isn't a good idea either because leaves can remain wet overnight—an open invitation for fungus to grow. By watering in the morning, you give the leaves a chance to dry out. You can set all Rain Bird clocks to water exactly when you want.

6

Follow Local Rules.

Check with your local water provider to see what days and times you are allowed to water your yard and then change your Rain Bird clock to avoid costly fines.

7

Don't Water in the Rain.

There is nothing worse than seeing a sprinkler running in the rain. Using a rain sensor (like the Rain Bird® WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor) will automatically shut off your sprinkler system when it rains, so you never have to worry about watering during rainstorms.

8

Overcome Wind Drift.

Ever seen sprinklers running in the middle of the day and watering everything but the yard? Even small amounts of wind can cause water to drift. Avoid midday watering, when winds are the highest. Rain Bird pressure regulating sprinklers and thick streamed HE-VAN or Rain Bird Rotary and R-VAN nozzles can also help reduce wind drift.

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Don't Overwater

9

Turn Your Watering Time Down.

Many sprinkler systems are set to water too much, leading to soggy soil, excess runoff and unhealthy landscapes. Turn your watering times down on your Rain Bird clock as seasons and weather change.

10

Replace Older nozzles with New High-Efficiency nozzles.

Today's sprinkler nozzles are more efficient that those of years past. The key is to pick the right nozzle for your landscape needs. For slopes and hills, use lower-flow rotary nozzles like Rain Bird's Rotary nozzles and R-VANs. If you have watering time restrictions, use Rain Bird's HE-VAN and Dual Spray™ nozzles.

11

Break Up Your Watering Times Into Shorter Segments.

The greatest water waste comes from applying too much water at one time, since much of it runs off and is never absorbed. Instead of watering for one long continuous session, use your Rain Bird clock to split your watering time into shorter periods and take 15-minute breaks in between each session. This will let the water soak in, while minimizing runoff.

12

Adjust Your Watering Times for Sunny and Shady Areas.

Easy-to-set Rain Bird clocks with multiple, independent programs allow you to reduce watering times for shady areas. Add a SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor to be certain you're only watering your yard when your plants demand it.

13

Water Only When Your Plants Demand It.

Overwatering is bad for your landscape's health and can lead to fungus and disease. The best way to tell if your yard needs water is also the easiest; just take a walk and look around. If your plant leaves are beginning to curl and your footprints are staying longer than usual (meaning the grass doesn't bounce back), it's time to water. With a Rain Bird controller and SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor, you can be sure you are watering just what you need to maintain a healthy landscape.

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Use The Right Products

14

Eliminate Misting.

Pressure Regulation in your sprinklers is just like installing a low-flow shower head. It delivers the right amount of water to get the job done, without any waste. In fact, Rain Bird sprinklers with PRS pressure regulating technology can save up to 1 gallon per minute per sprinkler.

15

Eliminate Puddles.

Water can puddle or pool around sprinklers installed at the bottom of slopes or hills, causing soggy areas, which can kill landscape or encourage fungus to grow. Use Rain Bird sprinklers with pre-installed check valves (SAM) to prevent drainage issues.

16

Use Drip when Possible.

By dividing your landscape into sections, you can water to the unique needs of individual plants with Rain Bird's low-volume drip irrigation.

17

Water Only Things That Grow.

Make sure sprinklers are adjusted properly to avoid watering sidewalks and driveways.

18

Add Efficiency to Gardens.

When it comes to watering individual trees, flowerbeds, potted containers or other sparsely planted areas, you can apply water directly to the roots with low-volume drip irrigation. This will reduce water waste from evaporation or runoff and keep weeds from growing.

19

Separate Zones by Plant Types.

Different plants need different amounts of water. Divide your yard into separate zones so groundcover, shrubs and trees can be watered separately and less frequently.

Recommended Products

20

Water as Evenly as Possible.

Different sprinklers apply water at different rates. To make sure you are applying water evenly and not overwatering some portions of your landscape, use sprinklers that are designed to work together, like Rain Bird's MPR, Dual Spray™ and HE-VAN nozzles. Rain Bird R-VANs, Rotary nozzles and 5000 series Rotors with MPR nozzles can also be used together.

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Keep Your Water In Place

21

Always Hit Your Target Zone.

Large water droplets offer greater wind resistance, helping you save water on gusty days. Rain Bird's HE-VAN and Rotary nozzles can be paired with Rain Bird's pressure regulating 1800® series spray heads (PRS) to dramatically reduce water loss from misting and airborne evaporation. And, Rain Bird is the only manufacturer to offer pressure regulating 5000 series rotors.

22

Make Sure Your Sprinklers are Flush with the Ground.

Check that sprinkler heads are high enough to clear plants that may have grown taller since the system was installed.

Recommended Products

23

Clear the Spray Path.

Make sure that your plant material hasn't grown to a height that will block the spray from your sprinkler.

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Update Your Landscape

24

Choose Plants Wisely.

It is entirely possible to have a beautiful, sustainable landscape using drought-tolerant plants. Check out this site report for the City of Palmdale to learn more.

Recommended Products

25

Add More Mulch.

A great way to conserve water and help plants stay healthy is to spread mulch in shrub beds, tree rings and flower gardens. Applying mulch helps drainage, encourages root development and improves soil by making nutrients more available to plants. It also insulates soil and plants in winter months, while cooling the soil and reducing water use during hot summer months.

Videos

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Design Your Yard with Water Savings in Mind

1

Design from the bottom up for drip irrigation.

With a range of new drip irrigation technologies and products available, it's now possible to water your entire property with drip irrigation. Keep that in mind when planning your system, and the savings will really add up.

2

Minimize grass by using drought-tolerant plants.

Consider using grass only for areas with high value, visual prominence or actual physical use and drought-tolerant plants in all other areas of your yard. It is entirely possible to have a beautiful, sustainable landscape using drought-tolerant plants. Check out this site report for the City of Palmdale to learn more.

3

Divide your yard into separate watering zones.

Different plants need different amounts of water. Divide your yard into separate zones so groundcover, shrubs and trees can be watered separately and less frequently.

4

Use mulch in beddings.

A great way to conserve water and help plants stay healthy is to spread mulch in shrub beds, tree rings and flower gardens. Applying mulch helps drainage, encourages root development and improves soil by making nutrients more available to plants. It also insulates soil and plants in winter months, while cooling the soil and reducing water use during hot summer months.

Videos

5

Contact a local professional to explore your options.

A professionally designed and installed automatic sprinkler system is the smart way to get a healthy, water-efficient landcape. Choosing the right professional is an important decision. Contact a local professional landscape architect or Certified Irrigation contractor for an estimate. If you don't know one, Rain Bird can help. Our experts will pre-screen the top contractors in your local area and send you a short list of pros to choose from.

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Manage Your Water Source

6

Regulate Your Incoming Pressure.

High water pressure can have a damaging effect on your drip system, leading to wasted water and the need to replace damaged parts. By adding a pressure regulating device upstream, you can protect your system in one simple step.

7

Use filters to protect drip emitters from clogging.

Sand, grit and debris can wreak havoc on low-volume drip emitters, leading to clogs and wasted water. Filtration systems, like those offered by Rain Bird, clear these harmful elements from your water so clogging is never an issue.

8

Use sprinkler valves specifically designed for drip systems.

Not all valves can handle low-flow operation. Choose a model designed specifically for drip irrigation, like the Rain Bird Low Flow DV Valve. These valves are designed to allow debris to pass through at extremely low flow rates.

Resources

Recommended Products

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Select The Right Products

9

Use sub-surface dripline to water grass.

Sub-surface dripline is installed 3-4" below the surface of the grass to deliver water directly to the roots. This offers maximum water savings and eliminates any waste.

Resources

Recommended Products

10

Use check-valve equipped dripline in sloped areas.

Water can puddle or pool at the bottom of slopes or hills, causing soggy areas that can kill landscapes or encourage fungus to grow. Use Rain Bird dripline with pre-installed check valves to prevent drainage issues.

Resources

Recommended Products

11

Water sparsely planted areas with point-source emitters.

Point source emitters are a precise way of delivering water exactly where you need it. It's a great solution for landscaped areas with several feet between plants.

12

Select drip device emission rates appropriately.

The right emission rate is critical to assure maximum water efficiency and plant health. If you're uncertain of the correct rate for your landscape, the Landscape Drip Zone Calculator below can help you figure out a good rate to start with.

13

Water densely planted areas with dripline.

Dripline eliminates wind drift, overspray and runoff, and is a much more efficient option for watering landscaped areas.

Resources

Recommended Products

14

Use Drip Products For Vegetable And Flower Gardens.

Every garden requires a tailored approach to watering, based on the plants you're growing and spacing of your layout. Using water-efficient products like dripline, point-source emitters and low volume sprays allow you to deliver water right where you need it without wasting water on areas where you don't.

15

Use sub-surface irrigation to water trees and large shrubs.

The benefits of delivering water directly to the roots of trees and large shrubs go beyond water savings. Studies show it can lead to bigger, healthier plants.

16

Water potted plants with point source emitters.

Don't worry about hand-watering your potted plants. Point source emitters give you the flexibility to tie these into your yard’s sprinkler system for efficient watering that saves water, time and hassle.

17

Convert your existing spray zones to drip irrigation.

Drip irrigation delivers the water directly to the base of the plants, saving up to 80% over watering with traditional sprinklers.

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Water Only at the Right Times

18

Water during early morning hours.

Water between 5 a.m and 10 a.m.—when winds are calm and temperatures are cool. Midday watering tends to be less efficient because of water loss due to evaporation and windy conditions. Watering in the evening isn’t a good idea either because leaves can remain wet overnight—an open invitation for fungus to grow. By watering in the early morning, you give the leaves a chance to dry out. You can set all Rain Bird clocks to water exactly when you want.

20

Avoid watering in the rain.

There is nothing worse than seeing a sprinkler running in the rain. Using a rain sensor (like the Rain Bird® WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor) will automatically shut off your system when it rains, so you never have to worry about watering during rainstorms.

Back To Top

Don't Overwater

21

Break up your watering times into shorter segments.

The greatest water waste comes from applying too much water at one time, since much of it runs off and is never absorbed. Instead of watering for one long continuous session, use your Rain Bird clock to split your watering time into shorter periods and take 15-minute breaks in between each session. This will let the water soak in, while minimizing runoff.

22

Adjust your watering times for sunny and shady areas.

Easy-to-set Rain Bird clocks with multiple, independent programs allow you to reduce watering times for shady areas. Add a SMRT-Y soil moisture sensor to be certain you're only watering each area when your plants demand it.

23

Water only when your plants demand it.

Overwatering is bad for your landscape's health and can lead to fungus and disease. The best way to tell if your yard needs water is also the easiest; just take a walk and look around. If your plant leaves are beginning to curl and your footprints are staying longer than usual (meaning the grass doesn't ''bounce back''), it's time to water. With a Rain Bird controller and SMRT-Y soil moisture sensor, you can be sure you are watering just what you need to maintain a healthy landscape.

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Maintain Your System

24

Check filters regularly.

Check and clean your drip irrigation filter regularly. Drip filters are usually installed immediately after the irrigation valve.

25

Flush drip zones regularly.

Flush your drip zones two to four times per year and immediately after any system updates or maintenance. Flushed valves are usually installed at the lowest elevation in each zone.

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Know Your Yard

1

Understand your soil.

The soil type in your yard is an important factor in determining how fast and how often you can water. Different types of soils have different intake rates, which will influence the type of sprinkler you choose. The ability of soil to hold moisture and the amount of moisture it can hold will greatly affect your watering schedule. A simple jar test will tell you what type of soil you have so that you can choose the best products to use when watering your new yard.

2

Choose your plants wisely.

It is entirely possible to have a beautiful, sustainable landscape using drought-tolerant plants. A great way to get ideas for your own yard is to visit a local public garden. There, you can find out how native plants can make your yard look even better with less water.

Resources

Recommended Products

3

Know your water pressure.

Water pressures vary greatly based on where you live. High water pressure or fluctuating water pressure can have a significant impact on the efficiency of your sprinkler system. If you do have high pressure, make sure you install products equipped with pressure regulating devices, which can save you up to one gallon per minute per sprinkler.

4

Divide your yard into zones.

Different plants need different amounts of water. Divide your yard into separate zones so groundcover, shrubs and trees can be watered separately and less frequently.

Recommended Products

5

Select a landscape design that minimizes water use.

When designing your landscape, use drought-tolerant plants when possible. Reserve your use of grass for areas with high value, visual prominence or frequent physical use.

Back To Top

Design Your System With Efficiency In Mind

6

Let a professional help you.

A professionally designed and installed automatic sprinkler system is the smart way to get a healthy, water-efficient landcape. Choosing the right professional is an important decision. Contact a local professional landscape architect or Certified Irrigation contractor for an estimate. If you don't know one, Rain Bird can help. Our experts will pre-screen the top contractors in your local area and send you a short list of pros to choose from.

7

Use a weather adjusting smart clock.

A weather adjusting (or 'smart') clock automatically adjusts your watering schedule to take into account both the seasons and current weather conditions.  This allows the clock to optimally water plants year round without the need to constantly reprogram.

Resources

Recommended Products

8

If using a standard clock, add sensors to prevent unwanted watering.

Overwatering is bad for your landscape's health and can lead to fungus and disease. With a Rain Bird clock and SMRT-Y soil moisture sensor, you can be sure you are watering just what you need to maintain a healthy landscape. Use a rain sensor (like the Rain Bird® WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor) to automatically shut off your sprinkler system when it rains.

9

Use drip when possible.

Drip irrigation delivers the water directly to the base of plants, saving up to 80% over watering with traditional sprinklers.

10

Use Mulch.

A great way to conserve water and help plants stay healthy is to spread mulch in shrub beds, tree rings and flower gardens. Applying mulch helps drainage, encourages root development and improves soil by making nutrients more available to plants. It also insulates soil and plants in winter months, while cooling the soil and reducing water use during hot summer months.

Videos

Back To Top

Select The Right Products

11

Maximize performance by regulating water pressure.

Pressure regulation in your sprinklers is just like installing a low-flow shower head. It delivers the right amount of water to get the job done, without any waste. In fact, Rain Bird sprinklers with PRS pressure regulating technology can save up to one gallon per minute per sprinkler.

12

Prevent puddles.

Water can puddle or pool around sprinklers installed at the bottom of slopes or hills, causing soggy areas, which can kill landscape or encourage fungus to grow. Use Rain Bird sprinklers with pre-installed check valves (SAM) and low precipitation rates to prevent drainage issues.

13

Use drip for shrubs and flower beds.

Drip products are ideal for watering shrubs and plants. Point-source drip watering allows soils to absorb water more completely into the root zones of plants. Use low-volume drip watering to achieve greater efficiency for healthier plants and to conserve water and eliminate excessive runoff.

14

Water only things that grow.

Drip irrigation prevents weeds and encourages healthier plants by watering each plant's root zone, eliminating overspray and evaporation. This also keeps water off foliage, so fungi cannot form.

15

Select sprinklers that water as evenly as possible.

Different sprinklers apply water at different rates. To make sure you are applying water evenly and not overwatering some portions of your landscape, use sprinklers that are designed to work together, like Rain Bird's MPR, Dual Spray™ and HE-VAN nozzles. Rain Bird R-VANs, Rotary nozzles and 5000 series Rotors with MPR nozzles can also be used together.

16

Add efficiency to gardens.

When it comes to watering individual trees, flowerbeds, potted containers or other sparsely planted areas, you can apply water directly to the roots with low-volume drip irrigation. This will reduce water waste through evaporation or runoff and keep weeds from growing.

Back To Top

Water only at the Right Times

17

Water in the mornings.

Water between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m.—when the sun is low, winds are calm and temperatures are cool. Midday watering tends to be less efficient because of water loss due to evaporation and windy conditions. Watering in the evening isn't a good idea either because leaves can remain wet overnight—an open invitation for fungus to grow. By watering in the morning, you give the leaves a chance to dry out. You can set all Rain Bird clocks to water exactly when you want.

18

Follow Local Rules.

Check with your local water provider to see what days and times you are allowed to water your yard and then change your Rain Bird clock to avoid costly fines.

19

Don't Water in the Rain.

There is nothing worse than seeing a sprinkler running in the rain. Using a rain sensor (like the Rain Bird® WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor) will automatically shut off your sprinkler system when it rains, so you never have to worry about watering during rainstorms.

Back To Top

Water Only When Your Yard Needs It

20

Break up your watering times into shorter segments.

Applying more water than the ground can absorb leads to excess runoff. Use the Cycle+Soak feature on Rain Bird's controllers to split long watering times into a few shorter periods, while still applying the right amount of water to sustain healthy plants.

21

Water less frequently to promote a healthier yard.

Soak your yard when you water and then wait a few days – even up to a week – before watering again. Deep, infrequent watering will train the plants’ roots to grow deeper and more robust. Frequent watering should be avoided, as it keeps roots near the top of the soil where they will dry out more quickly in the heat.

Recommended Products

22

Adjust watering times for sunny and shady areas.

Easy-to-set Rain Bird clocks with multiple, independent programs allow you to reduce watering times for shady areas. Add a SMRT-Y soil moisture sensor to be certain you're only watering each area when your plants demand it.

23

Water Only When Your Plants Demand It.

Overwatering is bad for your landscape's health and can lead to fungus and disease. The best way to tell if your yard needs water is also the easiest; just take a walk and look around. If your plant leaves are beginning to curl and your footprints are staying longer than usual (meaning the grass doesn't bounce back), it's time to water. With a Rain Bird controller and SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor, you can be sure you are watering just what you need to maintain a healthy landscape.

Back To Top

Maintain your new system

24

Conduct Monthly System Checkups.

Keep your sprinkler system in top shape all season long by checking for breaks, leaks and damage at least once a month.

25

Adjust your mower settings to keep your grass longer.

Short grass exposes the roots to more heat and sunlight, requiring more water to maintain a healthy lawn. By mowing your grass longer, you allow the blades to provide more natural protection for the roots.

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Watering Days Limitations

Many water districts impose limits on the number of days that you can water your yard as a first step toward water conservation. The most common restrictions limit watering days to 2-3 times per week. Check with your local water provider to see what the days you are allowed to water and then adjust your clock accordingly.

ESP-RZX Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Press the Schedule key on the controller to edit the irrigation schedule for each zone.
  2. Highlight the zone to edit using the "+" or "-" keys.
  3. Press the Next key to advance to Watering Days. The menu will advance to Zone Run Time and Zone Start Time first.
  4. Use the "+" or "-" keys to cycle through each option:
    • Custom Days – schedule watering to occur on selected days of the week.
    • Odd Days – schedule watering to occur on odd calendar days only.
    • Even Days – schedule watering to occur on even calendar days only.
    • Cyclic Days – schedule watering to occur at selected intervals (every 2 days, every 3 days, etc.).
  5. Highlight the applicable setting and press the Next key.
    • For Custom Days, press the ON (to enable) or OFF (to disable) keys for each day of the week. A solid cursor will indicate the zone is enabled for that day.
  6. Repeat steps 1-5 for each remaining zone.

Videos

ESP-SMTe Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  2. Use the set-up wizard to select the days that watering is allowed. Custom Days, Odd Days only, Even Days only, Cyclic Days are available selections.
    • Custom Days – schedule watering to occur on selected days of the week.
    • Odd Days – schedule watering to occur on odd calendar days only.
    • Even Days – schedule watering to occur on even calendar days only.
    • Cyclic Days – schedule watering to occur at selected intervals (every 2 days, every 3 days, etc.).

Videos

ESP-Me Series Controller

How To Install

  1. For Custom Days, rotate the dial to each day of the week position.
  2. Use the "+" or "-" keys to toggle each day ON (to enable) or OFF (to disable) for each irrigation program (A,B, C, or D).
  3. For additional interval settings, rotate the dial to Advanced Watering Cycles and use the "+" or "-" keys to cycle through each option:
    • Odd Days - schedule watering to occur on odd calendar days only.
    • Even Days - schedule watering to occur on even calendar days only.
    • Cyclic Days - schedule watering to occur at selected intervals (every 2 days, every 3 days, etc.)

Videos

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Watering Time Restrictions

Some water districts will limit the amount of time you water your yard each day. Check with your local water provider to see how long each day you are allowed to water and then adjust your clock accordingly. For shorter watering times, use high efficiency nozzles, like Rain Bird’s HE-VAN nozzles, to increase your system's efficiency.

ESP-RZX Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Press the Schedule key on the controller to edit the irrigation schedule for each zone.
  2. Highlight the first zone to activate (in most cases, Zone #1).
  3. Press the Next key to advance to Zone Start Time. The menu will advance to Zone Run Time first.
  4. Set a watering start time that is early enough to complete all zones within the allowed watering window.
    • Example: If total irrigation takes one hour to complete and must be complete by 11:00 AM, set a start time prior to 10:00 AM.
    • This start time will be applied to all remaining zones.
    • If irrigation still cannot complete a full cycle within the allowed watering window, adjust the Zone Run Times accordingly to fit a complete cycle into the allowed watering window.

Videos

ESP-SMTe Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  2. Use the set-up wizard to set the allowed watering window(s). A maximum of two watering windows may be programmed for the ESP-SMTe controller.
    • Press and hold the Left and Right arrow keys under the display down together for 3 or more seconds.

Videos

ESP-Me Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Rotate the dial to the Set Watering Start Times position.
  2. Set a watering start time that is early enough to complete all zones within the allowed watering window.
    • Example: If total irrigation takes one hour to complete and must be complete by 11:00 AM, set a start time prior to 10:00 AM.
    • To ensure the program schedule fits within the allowed watering window, turn the dial to the Manual Program position. Press and hold the Left and Right arrow keys under the display down together for 3 or more seconds. The total program run time will display for the selected irrigation program.

Videos

HE-VAN Nozzles

How To Install

  1. While your sprinkler system is off, go to your first sprinkler and pull up the stem.
  2. Holding the stem in one hand, unscrew the nozzle with the other hand to remove the nozzle and the filter.
  3. Take the filter that came with your HE-VAN nozzle and drop it into the sprinkler stem opening.
  4. Screw the HE-VAN nozzle onto the sprinkler until it is hand-tight.
  5. Grab the center section of the HE-VAN nozzle and open it to the desired arc setting.
  6. Turn on your sprinkler and adjust your arc settings by turning the center section of the nozzle until it opens to your desired setting.
  7. Turn your timer down by 30% for each irrigation station zone. For example, if the sprinklers that water your front yard are scheduled to run for 10 minutes, turn your clock down to water for 7 minutes.

Videos

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Common Exclusions to Watering Times

Some water districts will provide exclusions to water restrictions if you have a highly efficient sprinkler system. It is important to check first with your local water provider to see if exclusions apply in your area.

Drip Emitter Conversion Kit

Some water districts will provide exclusions on watering times for drip irrigation. There are kits available that make converting a sprinkler system to drip easy and affordable.

How To Install

  1. If you have Rain Bird 1800® Series sprinklers, simply remove the cap, spring and stem. (NOTE: On the 1806 and 1812, leave the spring in the body.) For non-Rain Bird sprinklers, remove the entire sprinkler.
  2. If you have Rain Bird 1800 Series sprinklers, remove the internal assembly of the 1800 retrofit kit and drop them into the existing 1800 sprinkler body. For non-Rain Bird sprinklers, replace the entire unit with the 1800 Retro.
  3. Use the Easy Fit Fittings to connect to your XF Series drip tubing.
  4. Install your drip tubing so that all plants receive water.

XF Series Dripline

Watering shrubs, ground cover, and beds with XF series dripline may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing XF Series dripline at your home.

Videos

XFS Sub-Surface Emitter Tubing

Watering your yard with XFS Sub-Surface Emitter Tubing may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing XFS Sub-Surface Emitter Tubing under grass.

Videos

Xeri-Bug Point Source Emitters

Watering sparsely spaced plants with Xeri-Bug Emitters may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing XF series dripline at your home.

SQ Series Square Pattern Nozzles

Conversion to low-volume micro-sprays appropriate for small, densely planted areas may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing drip irrigation.

Videos

R-VAN Nozzle

R-VAN Adjustable Rotary Nozzles provide water efficiency and design flexibility. R-VAN Adjustable Rotary Nozzles feature rotating stream technology which uniformly delivers water at a low precipitation rate, significantly reducing runoff and erosion.Retrofitting standard spray nozzles with R-VAN Adjustable Rotary Nozzles can reduce flow by up to 60% and improve water efficiency by up to 30%. Nozzle spray pattern and distance are easily adjusted by hand with no tools required.

Recommended Products

Model #s

How To Install

  1. While your sprinkler system is off, go to your first sprinkler and pull up the stem.
  2. Holding the stem in one hand, unscrew the nozzle with the other hand to remove the nozzle and the filter.
  3. Screw the R-VAN nozzle onto the sprinkler until it is hand-tight.
  4. Ratchet the stem until the white line on the collar of the RVAN nozzle is aligned with the left edge of your landscape.
  5. Turn on your sprinkler and adjust your arc setting by pushing down on the nozzle top and rotating left or right
  6. Adjust the distance by turning the thumb wheel on the middle section of the nozzle.

Videos

R-Series Rotary Nozzles

Rotary Nozzles provide unsurpassed design flexibility and highly efficient water distribution from 13 to 24 feet. Rain Bird Rotary Nozzles help reduce water waste and make it easier to design systems.

How To Install

  1. While your sprinkler system is off, go to your first sprinkler and pull up the stem.
  2. Holding the stem in one hand, unscrew the nozzle with the other hand to remove the nozzle and the filter.
  3. Take the filter that came with your R-Series rotary nozzle and drop it into the sprinkler stem opening.
  4. Screw the R-Series rotary nozzle onto the sprinkler until it is hand-tight.

Videos

ESP-SMTe Series Controller

The ESP-SMTe Smart Control System combines the proven simplicity of the Extra Simple Programming (ESP) controller family with the accuracy of weather-based control. This innovative system can now expand up to 22 zones.

How To Install

  1. Set Days: Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  2. Use the set-up wizard to select days watering is allowed. Custom Days, Odd Days only, Even Days only, Cyclic Days are available selections.
  3. Set Times: Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  4. Use the set-up wizard to set the allowed watering window(s). A maximum of two watering windows may be programmed for the ESP-SMTe controller.

Videos

WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor

Rain and rain/freeze sensors are becoming “must have” components for irrigation systems these days. Rain Bird designed the new WR2 wireless sensor to exceed the standard. With revolutionary features, this sensor saves time, improves system performance and enhances your reputation as a water management expert.

Recommended Products

Model #s

How To Install

  1. It is best to contact a local irrigation contractor to help you install your WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor. Installations must meet your local electric code.

Videos

RSD Series Wired Rain Sensor

The RSD Series Rain Sensor automatically shuts off your sprinkler system when it rains, so you don’t have to worry when you’re home or away.

How To Install

  1. It is best to contact a local Certified Irrigation Contractor to help you install your RSD Wired Rain Sensor. Installations must meet your local electric code.

Videos

SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor

With the SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor Kit from Rain Bird, an irrigation controller is directly linked to the absolute moisture requirements of a site’s vegetation.When the sensor detects dry conditions, the next scheduled watering cycle is allowed. If a site’s soil moisture level is above the threshold, the irrigation cycle is suspended.

Recommended Products

Model #s

How To Install

  1. It is best to contact a local Certified Irrigation Contractor to help you install your SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor. Installations must meet your local electric code.

Videos

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Evaluate Your Existing System

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Water Only at the Right Times

3

Irrigate in the Morning.

Irrigate between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m.—when the sun is low, winds are calm and temperatures are cool. Midday irrigating tends to be less efficient due to evaporation and wind drift. Irrigating in the evening isn’t a good idea either because leaves can remain wet overnight—an open invitation for fungus to grow. By irrigating in the morning, you give the leaves a chance to dry out. You can set all Rain Bird controllers to irrigate exactly when you want.

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Don't Overwater

6

Turn Your Watering Time Down.

Many irrigation systems are set to water too much, leading to soggy soil, excess runoff and unhealthy landscapes. Use the Seasonal Adjust feature on Rain Bird controllers to turn your watering times down as seasons and conditions change.

7

Protect Against Unauthorized Irrigation.

Take control and make sure you are only irrigating your property when it needs it. Have peace-of-mind knowing that you can guard your system against unauthorized use with Rain Bird's IQ v. 2.0 Pin-Code protection.

8

Replace Older Nozzles with High Efficiency Nozzles.

Irrigation systems are set to keep plants alive in the most inefficient areas of the system, which means that the plants in other areas get too much water. For slopes and hills, use lower-flow rotary nozzles like Rain Bird's Rotary nozzles and R-VANs. If you have watering time restrictions, use Rain Bird's HE-VAN and U-Series nozzles.

9

Break Up Your Watering Times Into Shorter Segments.

Applying more water than the ground can absorb leads to excess water running off onto streets or sidewalks. Use the Cycle+Soak feature on Rain Bird controllers to split watering times into a few shorter periods, so water has a chance to soak in.

12

Adjust Your Watering Time Back Until You See Signs of Stress.

Turn your controller down until you see signs of stress like plant leaves beginning to curl or footprints staying longer than normal. This will allow you to adjust your controller to the exact amount of water you need to keep your landscape healthy without overwatering.

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Use the right products

13

Control Your Pressure and Reduce Your Flow.

Running your system with too much pressure creates misting and excess flow, which can waste up to a gallon per minute per spray or rotor. Adding pressure regulation to your sprays and rotors is just like adding a low flow shower head. It allows the nozzles to perform as designed, delivering the right amount of water. Rain Bird customers have documented over 215 million gallons of water saved nationwide using Rain Bird PRS series rotors and sprays. Drip irrigation systems also perform more efficiently and reliably with pressure regulation and proper filtration.

15

Use Drip When Possible.

Drip irrigation delivers water directly to the plants, saving an average of 50% over watering with traditional overhead irrigation.

16

Convert Flower Beds and Shrubs to Drip.

Drip irrigation not only saves, on average, 50% over watering with traditional sprays, it also discourages weed growth. Install drip on newly installed planters and replace sprays in beds with drip to save water.

17

Water Only Things That Grow.

Landscape designs continue to become more complicated, making errant watering a key waster. Select nozzles that provide the most flexibility to assure you are not irrigating areas that don't need the water.

18

Overcome Wind Drift.

Even small amounts of wind can cause water to drift and evaporate. Avoid midday watering, when winds are the highest. Rain Bird pressure regulating sprays and rotors combined with thick streamed HE-VAN or Rain Bird Rotary and R-VAN nozzles can also help reduce wind drift.

19

Keep Your Green Spaces and Save Water.

Use less water and maintain healthy, green landscapes. Convert overhead spray irrigation to sub-surface drip in your green spaces.

20

Separate Zones by Plant Types.

Different plants need different amounts of water. Divide your property into separate zones so groundcover, shrubs and trees can be watered separately and less frequently. Rain Bird controllers are equipped with multiple programs allowing you to adjust irrigation to meet specific plant needs. Adding a SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor will also prevent watering until your plants need it.

21

Water as Evenly as Possible.

Different types of emitters apply water at different rates. To make sure you are applying water evenly and not overwatering some portions of your landscape, use sprays and rotors that are matched precipitation rate and designed to be used together in the same zone. Rain Bird's MPR and HE-VAN nozzles are designed to work together. Rain Bird R-VANs, Rotary nozzles and 5000 series rotors with MPR nozzles can also be used together.

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Keep Your Water In Place

22

Always Hit Your Target Zone.

Large water droplets offer greater wind resistance, helping you save water on gusty days. Rain Bird's HE-VAN and Rotary nozzles can be paired with Rain Bird's pressure regulating 1800® series spray heads (PRS) to dramatically reduce water loss from misting and airborne evaporation. And, Rain Bird is the only manufacturer to offer pressure regulating 5000 series rotors.

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Update Your Landscape

23

Choose Plants Wisely.

It is entirely possible to have a beautiful, sustainable landscape using drought-tolerant plants. Check out this site report for the City of Palmdale to see how.

24

Add More Mulch.

A great way to conserve water and help plants stay healthy is to spread mulch in shrub beds, tree rings and flower gardens. Applying mulch helps drainage, encourages root development and improves soil by making nutrients more available to plants. It also insulates soil and plants in winter months, while cooling the soil and reducing water use during hot summer months.

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Use Recycled Water

25

Tap Into Alternative Water Sources.

Consult your local water provider to see if recycled water is available for use in your area. And, when you make the switch, make sure you are using products designed to stand up to the harsh chemicals found in recycled water.

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Know Your Property

1

Understand your soil.

The soil type on your property is an important factor in determining how fast and how often you can water. Different types of soils have different intake rates, which will influence the precipitation rate and type of sprinkler you choose. The ability of soil to hold moisture and the amount of moisture it can hold will greatly affect your irrigation schedule. A simple jar test will tell you what type of soil you have so that you can choose the best products to use when watering.

2

Choose your plants wisely.

It is entirely possible to have a beautiful, sustainable landscape using drought-tolerant plants. Check out this site report for the City of Palmdale to see how.

3

Know your water pressure, and your water source.

Water pressure varies greatly based on where your property is located. High water pressure or fluctuating water pressure can have a significant impact on the efficiency of your irrigation system. If you do have high pressure, make sure you install products equipped with pressure regulating devices, which can save you up to one gallon per minute per device. The quality of water also varies greatly from community to community. Some markets use non-potable water (also known as 'reclaimed' or 'recycled' water), which requires special products that stand up to the harsh chemicals found in that kind of water.

5

Reserve grass for high value, high use areas.

When designing your landscape, use drought-tolerant plants when possible. Reserve your use of grass for areas with high value, visual prominence or frequent physical use.

Resources

Recommended Products

6

Use drip when possible.

Drip irrigation delivers the water directly to the base of plants, saving up to 80% over watering with traditional overhead irrigation.

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Install a new water efficient system

7

Start with a weather based smart controller.

A weather adjusting (or "smart") controller automatically adjusts your watering schedule to take into account both the seasons and current weather conditions.  This allows the controller to optimally water plants year round without the need to constantly reprogram the controller.

8

Select a system that allows continuous monitoring.

By using a central control system that continuously monitors your system, you'll receive real-time alerts if there's ever a problem. This allows you to address issues like broken heads or damaged lines right away, without hours of wasted water.

9

Use Mulch to Improve Water Retention.

A great way to conserve water and help plants stay healthy is to spread mulch in shrub beds, tree rings and flower gardens. Applying mulch helps drainage, encourages root development and improves soil by making nutrients more available to plants. It also insulates soil and plants in winter months, while cooling the soil and reducing water use during hot summer months.

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Select the right products

10

Eliminate Erosion and Runoff.

11

Use drip for shrubs and flower beds.

Drip products are ideal for watering shrubs and plants. Point-source drip watering allows soils to absorb water more completely into the root zones of plants. Use low-volume drip watering to achieve greater efficiency for healthier plants and to conserve water and eliminate excessive runoff.

12

Water only things that grow.

Drip irrigation prevents weeds and encourages healthier plants by watering each plant's root zone, eliminating overspray and evaporation. This also keeps water off foliage, so fungi cannot form.

13

Select products that deliver water evenly across your entire landscape.

Different types of emitters apply water at different rates. To make sure you are applying water evenly and not overwatering some portions of your landscape, use sprays and rotors that are matched precipitation rate and designed to be used together in the same zone. Rain Bird's MPR and HE-VAN nozzles are designed to work together. Rain Bird R-VANs, Rotary nozzles and 5000 series rotors with MPR nozzles can also be used together.

14

Control your pressure and reduce your flow.

Running your system with too much pressure creates misting and excess flow, which can waste up to a gallon per minute per spray or rotor. Adding pressure regulation to your sprays and rotors is just like adding a low flow shower head. It allows the nozzles to perform as designed, delivering the right amount of water. Rain Bird customers have documented over 215 million gallons of water saved nationwide using Rain Bird PRS series rotors and sprays. Drip irrigation systems also perform more efficiently and reliably with pressure regulation and proper filtration.

15

Protect your Trees

Tree roots need air and water to survive transplant shock and to thrive long term. Use proven deep root watering devices to protect your investment and accelerate healthy tree growth.

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Water at the right times

16

Irrigate in the Morning.

Irrigate between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m.—when the sun is low, winds are calm and temperatures are cool. Midday irrigating tends to be less efficient due to evaporation and wind drift. Irrigating in the evening isn’t a good idea either because leaves can remain wet overnight—an open invitation for fungus to grow. By irrigating in the morning, you give the leaves a chance to dry out. You can set all Rain Bird controllers to irrigate exactly when you want.

18

Don't irrigate within 48 hours of rain.

New regulations require that you do not run any irrigation within 48 hours of a rain event, because your plants don't need water. Use a 'smart' weather-based central control option or rain sensor technology to prevent or delay irrigation during and after it rains.

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Water only when your landscape needs it

19

Break Up Your Watering Times Into Shorter Segments.

Applying more water than the ground can absorb leads to excess water running off onto streets or sidewalks. Use the Cycle+Soak feature on Rain Bird controllers to split watering times into a few shorter periods, so water has a chance to soak in.

22

Protect Against Unauthorized Irrigation.

Take control and make sure you are only irrigating your property when it needs it. Have peace-of-mind knowing that you can protect your system against unauthorized use with Rain Bird's IQ v. 2.0 Pin-Code protection.

23

Tap Into Alternative Water Sources.

Consult your local water provider to see if recycled water is available for use in your area. And, when you make the switch, make sure you are using products designed to stand up to the harsh chemicals found in recycled water.

24

Use EPA WaterSense-Labeled Irrigation Controllers

WaterSense-labeled irrigation controllers are tested by an independent party and proven to maximize water efficiency. By using local weather and landscape conditions, these controllers customize watering schedules to actual conditions of every different site. Instead of irrigating using a controller with a set schedule, WaterSense-labeled controllers constantly monitor conditions and adjust watering schedules to better match the water needs of every environment.

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Maintain your new system

Design Your Landscape with Water Efficiency in Mind

1

Understand Your Soil.

The soil type on your property is an important factor in determining how fast and how often you can water. Different types of soils have different intake rates, which will influence the precipitation rate and type of drip devices you choose. The ability of soil to hold moisture and the amount of moisture it can hold will greatly affect your irrigation schedule. A simple jar test will tell you what type of soil you have so that you can choose the best drip products for each zone.

2

Choose Your Plants Wisely.

It is entirely possible to have a beautiful, sustainable landscape using drought-tolerant plants. Check out this site report for the City of Palmdale to see how.

4

Install Grass For High Value, High Use Areas.

When designing your landscape, use drought tolerant plants when possible. Reserve your use of grass for areas with high value, visual prominence or frequent physical use. Irrigate grass using sub-surface dripline.

Resources

Recommended Products

Back To Top

Design Your System with Water Conservation in Mind

5

Start With A Weather-Based Smart Controller.

A weather adjusting (or "smart") controller automatically adjusts your watering schedule to take into account both the seasons and current weather conditions. This allows the controller to optimally water plants year round without the need to constantly reprogram the controller.

6

Select A System That Allows Continuous Monitoring.

By using a central control system that continuously monitors your system, you'll receive real-time alerts if there's ever a problem. This allows you to address issues like broken heads or damaged lines right away, without hours of wasted water.

7

Use Mulch in Shrub And Flower Beds To Aid in Water Retention.

A great way to conserve water and help plants stay healthy is to spread mulch in shrub beds, tree rings and flower gardens. Applying mulch helps drainage, encourages root development and improves soil by making nutrients more available to plants. It also insulates soil and plants in winter months, while cooling the soil and reducing water use during hot summer months.

8

Install Pressure Compensating Point-Source Emitters At The Source.

If distribution tubing is inadverntly damaged, unregluated flow can occur if the point-source emitter is located at the deisred emission point. Intall point-source emitters at the source to reduce water waste due to unregulated flow.

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Select the right products for your property

9

Eliminate Erosion And Runoff.

Water can puddle or pool at the bottom of slopes or hills, causing soggy areas. Use Rain Bird XFCV dripline with check valve emitters to prevent drainage issues.

Videos

10

Use Sub-Surface Dripline To Irrigate Grass.

Subsurface dripline is installed 3-4 inches below the surface of the grass to deliver water directly to the roots. This offers maximum water savings and eliminates any waste.

11

Irrigate Sparsely Planted Areas With Point-Source Emitters.

Point source emitters are a highly-precise way of delivering water exactly where you need it. It's a great solution for landscaped areas with several feet between plants.

12

Select Drip Device Emission Rates Appropriately.

The right emission rate is critical to assure maximum water efficiency and plant health. If you're uncertain of the correct rate for your landscape, the Landscape Drip Zone Calculator below can help you figure out a good rate to start with.

13

Irrigate Densly Planted Areas With Dripline.

14

Use Sub-Surface Irrigation To Water Trees And Large Shrubs.

The benefits of delivering water directly to the roots of trees and large shrubs go beyond water savings. Studies show it can lead to bigger, healthier plants.

15

Control Your Pressure And Manage Your Flow.

Maintaining just the right levels for water pressure and water flow are key to attaining maximum efficiency from your drip system. Rain Bird offers the most complete line of drip control zone kits ranging from flows as low as 0.2 gallons per minute to as high as 40 gallons per minute.

16

Use Filtration To Protect Down-Stream Drip Emission Devices.

Sand, grit and debris can wreak havoc on low-volume drip emitters, leading to clogs and wasted water. Filtration systems, like those offered by Rain Bird, clear these harmful elements from your water so clogging is never an issue.

17

Use Irrigation Valves Specifically Designed for Drip Irrigation

Not all valves can handle low-flow operation. Choose a model designed specifically for drip irrigation, like the Rain Bird Low Flow DV Valve. These valves are designed to allow debris to pass through at extremely low flow rates. They also allow a filter to be safely placed downstream of the valve since they handle all sizes of debris.

Resources

Recommended Products

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Set your controller to water at the right times

18

Irrigate In The Morning.

Irrigate between 5 a.m. and 10 a.m.—when the sun is low, winds are calm and temperatures are cool. Midday irrigating tends to be less efficient due to evaporation and wind drift. Irrigating in the evening isn’t a good idea either because leaves can remain wet overnight—an open invitation for fungus to grow. By irrigating in the morning, you give the leaves a chance to dry out. You can set all Rain Bird controllers to irrigate exactly when you want.

19

Follow Local Rules.

Check with your local water provider to see what days and times you are allowed to water your property. Then, adjust your Rain Bird controller to avoid costly fines. Some municipalities have approved exclusions from watering restrictions with the use of drip irrigation.

21

Break Up Your Watering Times Into Shorter Segments.

Applying more water than the ground can absorb leads to excess water running off onto streets or sidewalks. Use the Cycle+Soak feature on Rain Bird controllers to split watering times into a few shorter periods, so water has a chance to soak in.

24

Protect Against Unauthorized Irrigation.

Take control and make sure you are only irrigating your property when it needs it. Have peace-of-mind knowing that you can protect your system against unauthorized use with Rain Bird's IQTMv. 2.0 Pin-Code protection.

Back To Top

Use Recycled Water

25

Tap Into Alternative Water Sources.

Consult your local water provider to see if recycled water is available for use in your area. And, when you make the switch, make sure you are using products designed to stand up to the harsh chemicals found in recycled water.

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Watering Days Limitations

Many water districts impose limits on the number of days that you can water your yard as a first step toward water conservation. The most common restrictions limit watering days to 2-3 times per week. Check with your local water provider to see what the days you are allowed to water and then adjust your clock accordingly.

ESP-RZX Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Press the Schedule key on the controller to edit the irrigation schedule for each zone.
  2. Highlight the zone to edit using the "+" or "-" keys.
  3. Press the Next key to advance to Watering Days. The menu will advance to Zone Run Time and Zone Start Time first.
  4. Use the "+" or "-" keys to cycle through each option:
    • Custom Days – schedule watering to occur on selected days of the week.
    • Odd Days – schedule watering to occur on odd calendar days only.
    • Even Days – schedule watering to occur on even calendar days only.
    • Cyclic Days – schedule watering to occur at selected intervals (every 2 days, every 3 days, etc.).
  5. Highlight the applicable setting and press the Next key.
    • For Custom Days, press the ON (to enable) or OFF (to disable) keys for each day of the week. A solid cursor will indicate the zone is enabled for that day.
  6. Repeat steps 1-5 for each remaining zone.

Videos

ESP-SMTe Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  2. Use the set-up wizard to select the days that watering is allowed. Custom Days, Odd Days only, Even Days only, Cyclic Days are available selections.
    • Custom Days – schedule watering to occur on selected days of the week.
    • Odd Days – schedule watering to occur on odd calendar days only.
    • Even Days – schedule watering to occur on even calendar days only.
    • Cyclic Days – schedule watering to occur at selected intervals (every 2 days, every 3 days, etc.).

Videos

ESP-Me Series Controller

How To Install

  1. For Custom Days, rotate the dial to each day of the week position.
  2. Use the "+" or "-" keys to toggle each day ON (to enable) or OFF (to disable) for each irrigation program (A,B, C, or D).
  3. For additional interval settings, rotate the dial to Advanced Watering Cycles and use the "+" or "-" keys to cycle through each option:
    • Odd Days - schedule watering to occur on odd calendar days only.
    • Even Days - schedule watering to occur on even calendar days only.
    • Cyclic Days - schedule watering to occur at selected intervals (every 2 days, every 3 days, etc.)

Videos

ESP-LX Basic Controller

Recommended Products

Model #s

How To Install

  1. Use the basic setup menu to turn off days not allowed.
    • http://store.rainbird.com/esplxbasic-12-station-modular-irrigation-controller.html

Videos

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Watering Time Restrictions

Some water districts will limit the amount of time you water your yard each day. Check with your local water provider to see how long each day you are allowed to water and then adjust your clock accordingly. For shorter watering times, use high efficiency nozzles, like Rain Bird’s HE-VAN nozzles, to increase your system's efficiency.

ESP-RZX Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Press the Schedule key on the controller to edit the irrigation schedule for each zone.
  2. Highlight the first zone to activate (in most cases, Zone #1).
  3. Press the Next key to advance to Zone Start Time. The menu will advance to Zone Run Time first.
  4. Set a watering start time that is early enough to complete all zones within the allowed watering window.
    • Example: If total irrigation takes one hour to complete and must be complete by 11:00 AM, set a start time prior to 10:00 AM.
    • This start time will be applied to all remaining zones.
    • If irrigation still cannot complete a full cycle within the allowed watering window, adjust the Zone Run Times accordingly to fit a complete cycle into the allowed watering window.

Videos

ESP-SMTe Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  2. Use the set-up wizard to set the allowed watering window(s). A maximum of two watering windows may be programmed for the ESP-SMTe controller.
    • Press and hold the Left and Right arrow keys under the display down together for 3 or more seconds.

Videos

ESP-Me Series Controller

How To Install

  1. Rotate the dial to the Set Watering Start Times position.
  2. Set a watering start time that is early enough to complete all zones within the allowed watering window.
    • Example: If total irrigation takes one hour to complete and must be complete by 11:00 AM, set a start time prior to 10:00 AM.
    • To ensure the program schedule fits within the allowed watering window, turn the dial to the Manual Program position. Press and hold the Left and Right arrow keys under the display down together for 3 or more seconds. The total program run time will display for the selected irrigation program.

Videos

ESP-LX Basic Controller

Recommended Products

Model #s

How To Install

  1. Turn the controller dial to Basic Setup.
  2. The Basic Setup screen appears. Press and hold the third button from the left (Key3).
  3. The Water Window screen appears. Press the + and – buttons to set the time when the Watering Window opens; then press Next.
  4. Press the + and – buttons to set the time when the Watering Window closes. As you adjust the close time, the duration of your Water Window calculates automatically.
    • NOTE: To clear a previously set Water Window, press the + and – buttons to set both the Open and Close times to OFF (between 11:59 and 12:00 AM).
  5. To set Water Window for another program, change the Program Select switch to the desired program. A confirmation appears.
  6. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to set or clear Water Windows for other programs as desired.
  7. For each irrigation program set a start time that is early enough to complete all zones within the allowed watering window for each irrigation program (A, B, C or D).
    • Example: If the total irrigation takes one hour to complete and must be completed by 11:00 AM, set a start time prior to 10:00 AM.
    • To ensure the program schedule fits within the allowed watering window, turn the controller dial to Test All Stations/Check System. The Check System screen appears with Confirm Programs selected; press Next. The Confirm Programs screen appears. Press the Down Arrow button to select Program Run Time; then press Next. The total program run time will display for the selected irrigation program.

Videos

HE-VAN Nozzles

How To Install

  1. While your sprinkler system is off, go to your first sprinkler and pull up the stem.
  2. Holding the stem in one hand, unscrew the nozzle with the other hand to remove the nozzle and the filter.
  3. Take the filter that came with your HE-VAN nozzle and drop it into the sprinkler stem opening.
  4. Screw the HE-VAN nozzle onto the sprinkler until it is hand-tight.
  5. Grab the center section of the HE-VAN nozzle and open it to the desired arc setting.
  6. Turn on your sprinkler and adjust your arc settings by turning the center section of the nozzle until it opens to your desired setting.
  7. Turn your timer down by 30% for each irrigation station zone. For example, if the sprinklers that water your front yard are scheduled to run for 10 minutes, turn your clock down to water for 7 minutes.

Videos

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Common Exclusions to Watering Times

Some water districts will provide exclusions to water restrictions if you have a highly efficient sprinkler system. It is important to check first with your local water provider to see if exclusions apply in your area.

Drip Emitter Conversion Kit

Some water districts will provide exclusions on watering times for drip irrigation. There are kits available that make converting a sprinkler system to drip easy and affordable.

How To Install

  1. If you have Rain Bird 1800® Series sprinklers, simply remove the cap, spring and stem. (NOTE: On the 1806 and 1812, leave the spring in the body.) For non-Rain Bird sprinklers, remove the entire sprinkler.
  2. If you have Rain Bird 1800 Series sprinklers, remove the internal assembly of the 1800 retrofit kit and drop them into the existing 1800 sprinkler body. For non-Rain Bird sprinklers, replace the entire unit with the 1800 Retro.
  3. Use the Easy Fit Fittings to connect to your XF Series drip tubing.
  4. Install your drip tubing so that all plants receive water.

XF Series Dripline

Watering shrubs, ground cover, and beds with XF series dripline may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing XF Series dripline at your home.

Videos

XFS Sub-Surface Emitter Tubing

Watering your yard with XFS Sub-Surface Emitter Tubing may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing XFS Sub-Surface Emitter Tubing under grass.

Videos

Xeri-Bug Point Source Emitters

Watering sparsely spaced plants with Xeri-Bug Emitters may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing XF series dripline at your home.

SQ Series Square Pattern Nozzles

Conversion to low-volume micro-sprays appropriate for small, densely planted areas may exclude you from watering time restrictions.

How To Install

  1. Contact your irrigation contractor to discuss options for installing drip irrigation.

Videos

R-VAN Nozzle

R-VAN Adjustable Rotary Nozzles provide water efficiency and design flexibility. R-VAN Adjustable Rotary Nozzles feature rotating stream technology which uniformly delivers water at a low precipitation rate, significantly reducing runoff and erosion.Retrofitting standard spray nozzles with R-VAN Adjustable Rotary Nozzles can reduce flow by up to 60% and improve water efficiency by up to 30%. Nozzle spray pattern and distance are easily adjusted by hand with no tools required.

Recommended Products

Model #s

How To Install

  1. While your sprinkler system is off, go to your first sprinkler and pull up the stem.
  2. Holding the stem in one hand, unscrew the nozzle with the other hand to remove the nozzle and the filter.
  3. Screw the R-VAN nozzle onto the sprinkler until it is hand-tight.
  4. Ratchet the stem until the white line on the collar of the RVAN nozzle is aligned with the left edge of your landscape.
  5. Turn on your sprinkler and adjust your arc setting by pushing down on the nozzle top and rotating left or right
  6. Adjust the distance by turning the thumb wheel on the middle section of the nozzle.

Videos

R-Series Rotary Nozzles

Rotary Nozzles provide unsurpassed design flexibility and highly efficient water distribution from 13 to 24 feet. Rain Bird Rotary Nozzles help reduce water waste and make it easier to design systems.

How To Install

  1. While your sprinkler system is off, go to your first sprinkler and pull up the stem.
  2. Holding the stem in one hand, unscrew the nozzle with the other hand to remove the nozzle and the filter.
  3. Take the filter that came with your R-Series rotary nozzle and drop it into the sprinkler stem opening.
  4. Screw the R-Series rotary nozzle onto the sprinkler until it is hand-tight.

Videos

ESP-SMTe Series Controller

The ESP-SMTe Smart Control System combines the proven simplicity of the Extra Simple Programming (ESP) controller family with the accuracy of weather-based control. This innovative system can now expand up to 22 zones.

How To Install

  1. Set Days: Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  2. Use the set-up wizard to select days watering is allowed. Custom Days, Odd Days only, Even Days only, Cyclic Days are available selections.
  3. Set Times: Rotate the dial to the Configure Controller position.
  4. Use the set-up wizard to set the allowed watering window(s). A maximum of two watering windows may be programmed for the ESP-SMTe controller.

Videos

WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor

Rain and rain/freeze sensors are becoming “must have” components for irrigation systems these days. Rain Bird designed the new WR2 wireless sensor to exceed the standard. With revolutionary features, this sensor saves time, improves system performance and enhances your reputation as a water management expert.

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How To Install

  1. It is best to contact a local irrigation contractor to help you install your WR2 Wireless Rain Sensor. Installations must meet your local electric code.

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RSD Series Wired Rain Sensor

The RSD Series Rain Sensor automatically shuts off your sprinkler system when it rains, so you don’t have to worry when you’re home or away.

How To Install

  1. It is best to contact a local Certified Irrigation Contractor to help you install your RSD Wired Rain Sensor. Installations must meet your local electric code.

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SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor

With the SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor Kit from Rain Bird, an irrigation controller is directly linked to the absolute moisture requirements of a site’s vegetation.When the sensor detects dry conditions, the next scheduled watering cycle is allowed. If a site’s soil moisture level is above the threshold, the irrigation cycle is suspended.

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Model #s

How To Install

  1. It is best to contact a local Certified Irrigation Contractor to help you install your SMRT-Y Soil Moisture Sensor. Installations must meet your local electric code.

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Maintain your system

1

Conduct regular maintenance audits.

Manage your irrigation system maintenance through a regular maintenance audit. This includes cleaning nozzles and screens, ensuring proper rotation speed, and ensuring sprinklers are not leaking.

2

Check the height and level of each sprinkler.

Sprinklers can settle or get knocked off alignment over time, resulting in errant spray patterns and streams being obstructed. Each sprinkler should be flush and grade level when retracted to ensure the most efficient delivery of water once activated.

3

Verify database settings.

Verify that the information in your database matches the sprinklers, nozzles and pressures in the field. This ensures proper run times and makes sure the precipitation data in the central control system is correct.

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4

Maintain the golf course weather station.

Faulty sensors can give incorrect water requirement estimates to the central control system, resulting in too little or too much water being applied.

5

Monitor your pump station cycling.

Make sure your pump station is not cycling when no irrigation is occurring. Pump station cycling is indicative of a leak in the system, and wasted water on your course.

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Manage water application

6

Perform an irrigation audit.

An irrigation audit will make sure that the pressure is correct for the set spacing on your course. If it's not, adjust your nozzles.

7

Control Your Pressure.

Make sure sprinklers are set at design pressure to ensure proper uniformity.

8

Maximize irrigation system performance.

Respace sprinklers if required.

9

Utilize flow meters.

By installing flow meters, you can record data about your irrigation to better understand and manage your water use.

10

Perform regular maintenance checks.

Perform routine maintenance on the pump station to ensure proper operation. Inspect filters regularly and clean as needed so that optimum operating pressure is achieved.

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Utilize Central Control Technology

11

Adjust watering times.

Determine run times by using an ET calculation and the precipitation rate of the sprinklers. Utilize a weather station to accurately calculate the ET (evapotranspiration) losses and the corresponding run times.

12

Monitor soil moisture levels.

Use accurate (absolute) soil moisture sensors to monitor moisture levels and irrigate to a target Volumetric Water Content (VWC) for the different site-specific management zones on the golf course.

13

Irrigate during dark hours.

Reduce the irrigation window to only irrigate during the dark hours. This will reduce evaporative losses and wind is typically lowest at this time so system efficiencies are higher.

14

Select a system that allows continuous monitoring.

Use an intelligent rain monitoring system tied to your irrigation central (like RainWatch™). If not possible, use an accurate rain switch.

15

Avoid watering when it is windy.

Excessive water can be lost when wind distorts sprinkler water droplet distribution. Stop sprinklers from operating in high wind conditions – use Smart Sensors™ to monitor wind across the property and pause or resume based on wind.

16

Create management zones.

Set up site-specific management zones for different microclimates, turf grass and soil types to ensure ET Data is being managed efficiently.

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17

Install smart sensors or smart pump.

Utilize SmartPump™ with a Rain Bird pump station to optimize your irrigation system flow and to monitor, detect and react to pipe leaks to eliminate lost and wasted water. Utilize the Smart Sensors™ feature in the Rain Bird Golf Central Control system in conjunction with installed flow meters to react to and shut down overflow situations where water is being wasted.

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Water Management

18

Tap into alternative water sources.

Install rain harvesting tanks throughout the property. Harvested water can be used to irrigate flower beds around the clubhouse or to wash equipment and recycled towards irrigation ponds.

19

Reduce evaporation.

Consider ways to reduce evaporation from ponds and reservoirs on the golf course. Artificial shade is best, such as a protective evaporation cover. And, remember, underground reservoirs are free from evaporation.

20

Avoid aeration fountains during the day.

Avoid using aeration fountains during the day as they can produce fine water droplets, increasing evaporation and wind drift.

21

Use drip with trees.

Use sub-surface irrigation with newly planted trees to reduce water loss and train roots to grow deeply.

22

Choose grass wisely.

Plant native grasses that require little or no water in large 'out of play' areas.

23

Develop a drought management plan.

Develop a drought management plan. Dry-run the system to see the water savings as each level of the plan is implemented.

24

Manage localized dry spots.

Use wetting agents to help manage localized dry spots and improve the soil water uniformity. Wetting agents also help with moving and holding water in the soil profile.

25

Use drip when possible.

Use sub-surface irrigation in bunker surrouds, tee boxes, pond perimeters and hardscape areas.

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Evaluate Your Existing System

1

Evaluate your system for proper pressure and flow rates.

An irrigation system that operates under ideal pressure and flow rates will efficiently water and fertigate the crops while reducing energy costs.

2

Flush and clean pipelines and drip tubing.

Periodically flushing pipelines will prevent partial or fully plugged nozzles. Plugged nozzles can reduce water flow, cause uneven fertigation, and stress plants prior to the next irrigation cycle.

3

Increase organic matter in the soil.

Adding organic matter helps the moisture holding capacity of the soil and provides increased nutrient availability and stimulation of microbial activity.

4

Identify and repair all leaks and broken equipment.

Small leaks in irrigation systems can go unnoticed for many years. The EPA estimates that a leak about the thickness of a dime can cause water waste of 6,300 gallons per month! Systems are available that allow you to detect and fix these leaks before they become more costly.

5

Take actions now to address rising costs of irrigation water.

The CA drought has reduced surface water deliveries and forced growers to rely primarily on well water to irrigate crops. Total irrigation water costs are projected to continue rising significantly. Now is the time to invest in new well production, on-farm solar energy production, and modernized drip irrigation systems.

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Water Only at the Right Times

6

Avoid mid-day irrigation during peak energy usage.

Avoid mid-day irrigation, which can be less efficient due to evaporation and wind drift. And, pumping costs are often 2-3 times higher during these peak hours. Avoid the peaks by setting your Rain Bird controllers to irrigate exactly when you want.

7

Install automation to start and stop irrigation.

Adding a simple Rain Bird controller to your pump station panel allows for precise start and stop times, as well as the ability to schedule irrigation by zone or day of the week.

8

Utilize pulse irrigation methods to more efficiently move water through the soil profile.

Irrigate more frequently with shorter run times during peak ET levels. ClimateMinder™ and automated controllers from Rain Bird help growers get this done.

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Use the Right Products

9

Convert from flood or furrow irrigation to a pressurized system.

Converting crops from flood or furrow irrigation to a pressurized system that delivers precise amounts of water in the right place at the right time can save thousands of gallons of water.

10

Research and apply the best filtration method.

Rain Bird automatic filters keep irrigation systems free of the contaminants that plug systems and degrade performance and efficiency.